"Most of the luxuries, and many of the so-called comforts of life, are not only indispensable, but positive hindrances to the elevation of mankind."
The succeeding section to the introduction was necessities, a look into what men really need. Right off the start, Thoreau says that fundamentally, a man needs nothing but food and shelter. But in order for that to be true, a man has to be completely oblivious to the many comforts that are put in front of him. I do agree with this, for many modern day things that we consider necessary are in fact very dispensable, but because we use them everyday, they become 'indispensable' as Thoreau says. Something I found interesting was how he says he doesn't speak to the well employed, and instead his words are directed towards the majority of men who are not satisfied with their lives and complain about how hard it is. I personally felt like this section was all over the place. At first he talked about the section name, necessities. But then he veered off a metaphor using philosophy and professors of philosophy as examples ("There are nowadays professors of philosophy, but not philosophers"). I though these were appropriate, but a large monologue about philosophy followed. It got seemingly more random from there. Eventually ending with talking about arising early in the morning and the ice trade in Walden. Im sure this all has some underlying meaning that laces it all together, but at first glance this section's theme was not as clear as the introduction. I am interested to see where He will go from here.